Color

Hue:

Source Images

220px-Hue_shift_six_photoshop

360px-HueScale.svg

 

Hue is the area of the color wheel that a certain color falls into. There are an infinite number of hues that go around the color wheel.

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Value:

Source Image

230px-ColorValue.svg

 

This scale demonstrates the few level of values that are possible. Value can also be referred to as lightness, colors going from white to black or vice versa.

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Saturation:

Source Image

1280px-HSV_color_solid_cylinder_alpha_lowgamma

 

On this color solid, that is made using a light mixture, we can see examples of all the above terms all summed up in one image. The saturation is the level of vibrance, or intensity of the hues moving from their hue to the corresponding gray value.

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Monochromatic:

Pablo Picasso, “The Old Guitarist” (1903), oil on panel – Art Institute in Chicago

Old_guitarist_chicago

 

In Picasso’s painting, we can see the blue monochromatic color scheme that he used to create the cold feeling that he was feeling after his close friend died not long after making this painting. Being monochromatic, using only one color, makes this a much more unsettling painting than it would if it had more colors present.

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Analogous:

Claude Monet, “Water Lillies and the Japanese Bridge” (1897-1899), oil on canvas

617px-Water-Lilies-and-Japanese-Bridge-(1897-1899)-Monet

 

An analogous color scheme is where the colors used are all in close proximity to each other on the color wheel. In this painting, the colors would be green, yellow, and blue. These are all next to each other and thus makes this an analogous painting.

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Complementary:

Johannes Vermeer, “The Milkmaid” (circa 1658), oil on canvas

300px-Johannes_Vermeer_-_Het_melkmeisje_-_Google_Art_Project

 

This piece shows a complementary color scheme, meaning that it consists of colors that are opposite on the color wheel, because it uses blues/violets and yellow/greens. The yellow and violet are the closest to complementary colors and help the painting have more visual interest and harmony.

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Split Complementary:

Source Image

2-Split_Complementary_colors

 

This photo is a great example of a split complementary color scheme. You can see the blue in the middle as well as the red orange and yellow orange in the rock formations.

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